• Yes. Most of the time the immune system clears the virus within a few years.  However, in about 20% of the cases, the immune system cannot clear the virus.  In this cases the virus persists in the body for years, even decades.  These are the most dangerous cases.  

  • There are no drugs that clear the virus.  The only treatment proven to clear the virus is the herbal Gene-Eden-VIR/Novirin. 

  • You should wait until the warts have completely healed before resuming having sex. This is mainly to prevent friction in the genitals, and allow the warts to heal. In addition, you should use a condom for 3 months after the outbreak has cleared. This will minimize the risk of passing the infection to your partner.

  • Yes. Having oral sex with someone who has HPV can cause genital warts on the lips, tongue, and throat.

  • There are no drugs that get rid of the HPV virus. The only treatment that clears HPV is the herbal Gene-Eden-VIR/Novirin.

  • No. HPV is transmitted through sexual contact like intercourse and oral sex

  • Extremely common. More than 70%, or two-thirds of healthy Americans are infected with HPV.

  • Yes. If a sex toy was used by someone with HPV, you can also get infected. Cleaning a sex toy can lower the risk but only partially.

  • First, cryotherapy is NOT a cure for HPV. However, it can be used to get rid of genital warts and abnormal tissues in the cervix. The procedure involves your doctor placing a very cold chemical on the area in question. This causes the abnormal cells to freeze off, and allows healthy cells to grow in their place. Side effects include bleeding at the freeze site, blisters, infection, permanent hair loss, loss of feeling in the skin, darkening of the skin, and scarring.

  • LEEP is not a cure for HPV, but it can help remove the HPV abnormal growths. However, it does not prevent the growths from happening again. The procedure involves removing the pre-cancerous tissue using an electric wire.

  • Common side effects include pain, cramping, abnormal vaginal discharge, and discharge/spotting for up to 3 weeks. In addition, sexual intercourse should be avoided for 3 weeks following the procedure.

  • Anal warts can be removed by surgery, topical medicine, or cryotherapy. No matter which treatment method you choose, it is important to deal with anal warts as soon as possible. If left untreated, anal warts can multiply or increase the risk of anal cancer.

  • Yes. The HPV vaccination does not protect you from all forms of HPV. In addition, the vaccine cannot protect you if you had already contracted HPV before the time of the vaccination.

  • Yes. Latent viruses can still cause disease. High concentrations of these viruses can cause cancer, heart disease, diabetes, arthritis, and many more.

  • Yes. Most women are unaware that they can be tested for HPV along with regular Pap smear. The test can be done with the same swab taken during the Pap smear test. This method is called co-testing, and is recommended for women 30 years and older.

  • Yes. There is enough evidence to provide a link between HPV and certain types of skin cancer. The HPV virus that is causing non-genital warts also increases the risk of getting common skin cancers.

  • Yes. In addition to causing certain types of cancers and genital warts, HPV has been linked to the development of psoriasis.

  • Cold knife conization is a procedure used to detect cervical cancer, often a symptom of HPV. It can also be used to treat very early stages of the cancer. The procedure requires anesthesia, that is, you will be put into a deep sleep so you will not feel pain during the procedure. After the procedure, you may experience pain and cramping for about a week. In addition, you will be advised to avoid intercourse for 4-6 weeks following the procedure. Risks include infection, painful periods after, damage to the bladder or rectum, and difficulty getting pregnant.

  • Although treating recurring genital warts can indeed be a frustrating process, it is still not advised to attempt to cut them off at home. Any attempt to operate on oneself can result in permanent disfigurement or injuries. Genital warts must always be treated by a certified professional.

  • Most doctors use laser surgery as a last resort after all other treatments have failed. Laser surgery is one of the most expensive genital wart procedures. In addition, laser surgery might actually harm the immune system and increase the chance of the warts returning. Side effects may include pain, irregular discharge, and scarring. Treatment done on the urethra can result in future urination occurring in a wide, spraying pattern. Treatment done on the penis can result in scarring which can cause problems with urination and erection.

  • HPV is a virus. This means that someone who is infected with the HPV is hosting the virus within their body. In some cases, the immune system is too weak to clear the virus, and the virus remains in the body for life.  The damage caused by the virus, or the immune system while attempting to clear it, in a specific area of the body, is known as a symptom. Symptoms of HPV include genital warts, sores, and pain in the genital area. While symptoms can be relieved by removing or killing the virus in the specific area, the virus still remains in other parts of the body. This means that the virus is likely to attack again, and symptoms will develop. A cure is therefore a complete clearance of the virus everywhere in body.

  • Yes. HPV can be transmitted through any intimate skin to skin contact. Penetration is not required to spread the HPV virus. The virus is most commonly spread between women by genital to genital contact, touching an infected person’s genitals, or sharing unsanitized sex toys.

  • A while back, we were curious about how well the public understands the HPV virus. We conducted several online surveys and found that much of the information found in forums is inaccurate or misleading. While a forum is a great place to discuss your experiences with others, you must always double check information found there. Look up scientific facts on sites like WebMD, Healthline, and our own website. Be sure to research any alternative treatments and make sure they look credible. Try to stick to treatments which have been clinically proven, not based on the advice found in HPV forums. If you are unsure about anything, make time to discuss it with your doctor.

  • There is currently no compelling evidence that being older increases the risk of contracting HPV. However, new evidence does suggest that changes like menopause can reactivate an HPV infection that was contracted many years ago.

  • Many people are shocked by an HPV diagnosis. This is because HPV is spread more easily than other STDs, which means that practicing safe sex is not enough to prevent it. The disease is so common that it is estimated that half of sexually active people get it at some point. Because the virus rarely shows symptoms, many people transmit it without even knowing they have it.

  • The HPV vaccine is most effective when given at age 11-12. However, women can be vaccinated until the age of 26, and men until the age of 21. The vaccine is not recommended if you are already infected with the HPV.

  • If your boyfriend is under the age of 21, getting vaccinated will reduce his risk of HPV. However, the vaccination does not protect against all forms of HPV.

  • First see a doctor for an official diagnosis. Many areas offer free testing, search the internet for free STD clinic and the name of your city to find the one closest to you. If are infected, the clinic can advise you on further treatment. Be open with them about your finances, as this is the best way to receive helpful advice.

    You can also use the herbal Gene-Eden-VIR/Novirin to clear your HPV infection. Genital warts are caused by HPV, so the treatment will clear the warts and the virus in your body. You should take the treatment for 1 year.

    If you would like to apply for government health insurance, you can do it here: https://www.healthcare.gov

  • Genital warts are bumps that often join to form a cauliflower shape. Sometimes they are too small to see, sometimes they are larger. You can usually spot them on your genitals, surrounding areas, or thighs. Sometimes they occur in places that are impossible to see, like your cervix or deeper parts of your vagina.

  • The main thing to remember is that there is high-risk and low-risk HPV. High-risk HPV is known to cause cancer, which can be life-threatening. Low-risk HPV causes genital warts, which can be expensive and uncomfortable, but are usually not life threatening. Most HPV viruses which cause genital warts do not cause cancer.

  • A Pap test (or Pap smear) is a screening test for cervical cancer. It can help detect abnormal changes before they turn into bigger problems. The procedure involves your doctor swabbing your cervix through your vagina. A small sample of cells is collected and are sent to the lab to be analyzed. While some women find the procedure uncomfortable, it is not usually painful. If the lab finds an abnormal growth area, it is often removed before it turns into cancer.

  • Within 3 years of becoming sexually active, or at the age of 18, whichever comes first. After that, ask your doctor how often you should get tested. Most women are recommended to get tested once every 3 years.

  • There is little doubt that, overall, the vaccine has saved many people from HPV, and possibly cervical cancer. In the last 10 years, the vaccine has reduced the HPV infection by 90%. In most cases, side effects of the vaccine are mild.

    However, there have been cases where girls have suffered extreme health reactions that their parents believe are associated with the vaccine. Some of these girls suffer chronic pain, are confined to a wheelchair, or rely on feeding tubes. Some doctors say that these girls had pre-existing conditions that had nothing to do with the vaccine, while others see a direct connection to the vaccine.

    Before you decide to get vaccinated, or vaccinate your children, do your research. Estimate the risk. Ensure that you or your child is not allergic to any of the ingredients in the vaccine. Understand the best steps to take if you or your child has a bad reaction to the vaccine. Some parents complained that the HPV vaccine consent form they signed did not display full information about the risks of the HPV vaccination. You can see a complete list here.

  • Yes. The important thing is to find the right time to be honest with any potential partner. Not everyone will agree to continue dating, but many people will accept you as you are. Once you have agreed to continue dating, you will have to make some important decisions about your sex life. Some of these choices might feel restrictive, but necessary to avoid passing on the disease. These decisions will mainly depend on what strain of HPV you have.

  • Not necessarily. Either one of you may have contracted the virus before the two of you even met. The virus sometimes only causes symptoms many years after it is contracted.

  • For HPV vaccine to be most effective, the series of shots should be given prior to exposure to HPV. There is no reason to wait to vaccinate until teens reach puberty or start having sex. Preteens should receive all recommended doses of the HPV vaccine series before they begin any type of sexual activity. [1]

    [1] Saslow, D, Andrews, K, Manassaram-Baptiste, D, Loomer, L, Lam, K, Fisher-Borne, M , Smith, R and Fontham, E. Human Papillomavirus Vaccination Guideline Update: American Cancer Society Guideline Endorsement. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2017 Jul;36(7):627-630.

  • HPV vaccine was tested in people age 9 through 26 years. Although the vaccine has been tested in women age 27 through 45 years and found to be safe, data on the effectiveness of the vaccine in this age group was inconclusive, mainly because many of the participants in the trial had already been infected with HPV types included in the vaccine. [1]

    [1] Saslow, D, et al. Human Papillomavirus Vaccination Guideline Update: American Cancer Society Guideline Endorsement. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2017 Jul;36(7):627-630.

  • HPV vaccine is an inactivated (not live) vaccine. [1]

    [1] Saslow, D, et al. Human Papillomavirus Vaccination Guideline Update: American Cancer Society Guideline Endorsement. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2017 Jul;36(7):627-630

  • This vaccine is given as a shot in the muscle. [1]

    [1] Saslow, D, et al. Human Papillomavirus Vaccination Guideline Update: American Cancer Society Guideline Endorsement. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2017 Jul;36(7):627-630.

  • According to Gardasil’s Web site (www.gardasil.com), it has not been established exactly how long the vaccine’s protection lasts. However, different studies have shown that the vaccine’s protection against HPV provides general safety and effective protection from HPV 6-, 11-, 16-, 18- related genital warts and cervical dysplasia for about 6 years [1]. So, although there is yet insufficient data to confirm that protection is maintained, the HPV vaccine continues to be generally safe and well tolerated up to 6 years following vaccination [2].

     [1] Luna, J, Plata, M, Gonzalez, M, Correa, A, Maldonado, I, Nossa, C, Radley, D,  Vuocolo, S, Haupt, R and Saah, A. Long-Term Follow-up Observation of the Safety, Immunogenicity, and Effectiveness of Gardasil™ in Adult Women. 2013 Dec. Plos.

     [2] Saah, A. An evaluation of the long-term effectiveness, immunogenicity, and safety of Gardasil in previously vaccinated women. 2011. BMJ Journals. Sexually Transmitted Infections, v87 nSuppl 1:A357

  • The HPV by itself should not affect one’s ability to get pregnant. But in some cases, having HPV can increase the risk of developing precancerous or cancerous cells in the cervix, which could affect both fertility and the ability to carry a baby to term. [1]

    [1] Malinova M. Human papillomavirus infection and pregnancy. Akush Ginekol (Sofiia). 2015; 54 Suppl 2:14-8. Bulgarian.

  • It’s possible but uncommon to transmit the virus through genital contact without penetration, through oral sex, or by touching the genitals. There is growing evidence that HPV infection is possible through non-sexual routes like mother to-child transmission in the perinatal period. There is also recent evidence that an infected mother can transmit HPV to her newborn during pregnancy, at delivery, perinatal period or later. Even so, there is insufficient evidence to recommend the generalization of cesarean section for all HPV DNA-positive mothers. [1]

    [1] Malinova M. Human papillomavirus infection and pregnancy. Akush Ginekol (Sofiia). 2015; 54 Suppl 2:14-8. Bulgarian.

  • HPV DNA has been detected in the oral cavity of infants and breast cancer tissue, suggesting its vertical transmission through maternal milk. So, evidence shows that HPV infection through maternal milk may occur, but its likelihood is low. [1]

    [1] Louvanto K, Sarkola M, Rintala M, Syrjänen K, Grenman S, Syrjänen S. (2017). Breast Milk Is a Potential Vehicle for Human Papillomavirus Transmission to Oral Mucosa of the Spouse.  Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2017 Jan 16.

  • Even though there is no indication that the vaccine could cause harm to you or your unborn baby, it is recommended that you wait until you deliver to get the remaining doses of the vaccine [1]

    [1] Louvanto K, et al. Breast Milk Is a Potential Vehicle for Human Papillomavirus Transmission to Oral Mucosa of the Spouse.  Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2017 Jan 16.

  • Many health insurance plans cover vaccines recommended for children and adolescents. The Vaccines for Children (VFC) program provides free vaccines to children and adolescents younger than 19 years of age, who are Medicaid-eligible, American Indian, or Alaska Native, uninsured, or receiving care in a Federally Qualified Health Clinic or Rural Health Center. This includes boys as well as girls. For adults, if you’re not certain about your healthcare coverage, contact your health insurance plan for further information. If you don’t have health insurance or if your plan doesn’t cover this vaccine, ask your doctor or your local health department how you can obtain this vaccine. (http://www.immunize.org/catg.d/p4207.pdf)

  • Yes, a person can be infected with more than one type of HPV at a time. [1]

    [1] Bosch, F,  Burchell, A,  Schiffman, M, Giuliano, A,  Sanjosee, S,  Bruni. L, Tortolero-Luna, G, KrugerKjaer, S, Muñoza, N. Epidemiology and Natural History of Human Papillomavirus Infections and Type-Specific Implications in Cervical Neoplasia in Vaccine. Volume 26, 19 August 2008, Pages K1-K16.

  • You can become infected with HPV from the moment you start having sex. It could be during your first sexual encounter, it could be on your 30h sexual encounter, or you could never become infected. In theory, you are exposed to it from your first sexual encounter. That is why it is very important that you protect yourself against the virus and the problems it causes, and that you do regular check-ups. [1]

    [1] Bosch, F. et al. Epidemiology and Natural History of Human Papillomavirus Infections and Type-Specific Implications in Cervical Neoplasia in Vaccine. Volume 26, 19 August 2008, Pages K1-K16.

  • Yes. HPV vaccine is recommended for men and women regardless of their sexual orientation. [1]

    [1] Quinn, G, Sanchez, J, Sutton, S, Vadaparampil, S, Nguyen, G, Green, L, Kanetsky, P, Schabath, M. Cancer and Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender/Transsexual, and Queer/Questioning Populations (LGBTQ). CA Cancer J Clin. 2015 Sep; 65(5): 384–400.

  • Yes. Routine HPV vaccination is recommended for transgender persons as for all adolescents. Transgender persons should be vaccinated through age 26 years. It is also important to do the necessary routine tests. For example, a person with male reproductive organs, but identifies as a woman, may forego prostate screening or avoid addressing prostate-related symptoms. Or, a person with female reproductive organs, who identifies as a man, should still do their regular Pap smear. [1]

    [1] Quinn, G, et al. Cancer and Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender/Transsexual, and Queer/Questioning Populations (LGBTQ). CA Cancer J Clin. 2015 Sep; 65(5): 384–400.

  • Although there is no approved test for men to know their “HPV status,” most HPV infections resolve without causing any problems. The problems caused by HPV in men can include genital warts, anal and penile cancers, or cancers of the oropharynx. You could check them yourself by paying attention to the following:

    Genital warts – If you notice abnormalities in the area of your penis, scrotum or anus, such as warts or blisters, see your healthcare provider.

    Penile cancers – There are currently no screening tests, but early signs can include color changes or build-up or thickening of the tissue.

    Anal cancers – Gay, bisexual, and HIV-positive men may consider annual screening. Although it is not a formal recommendation, research shows that these men are at higher risk.

     [1] Meites, E,  Gorbach, P,  Gratzer, B,  Panicker, G,  Steinau, M, Collins, T,  Parrish, A,  Randel, C, McGrath, M,  Carrasco, S,  Moore, J, Zaidi, A, Braxton, J,  Kerndt, P,  Unger, E,  Crosby, R, Markowitz, L. Monitoring for Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Impact Among Gay, Bisexual, and Other Men Who Have Sex With Men—United States, 2012–2014. The Journal of Infectious Diseases, Volume 214, Issue 5, 1 September 2016, Pages 689–696

  • Studies show that the prevalence of anal cancer is 34 times as common among men who have sex with men compared to the majority population. However, anal cancer is rarely discussed. The HPV and Anal Cancer Foundation identifies several risk factors for Anal Cancer, including HPV, which is widely understood to be sexually transmitted through skin-to-skin contact, including during anal sex with or without condom usage. Receptive partners during anal sex and anyone with a weakened immune system, including people who are HIV+ are at increased risk for anal cancer. There is a growing awareness of the need for anal Pap tests. [1]

    [1] Meites, E,  et al. Monitoring for Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Impact Among Gay, Bisexual, and Other Men Who Have Sex With Men—United States, 2012–2014. The Journal of Infectious Diseases, Volume 214, Issue 5, 1 September 2016, Pages 689–696